Posted by Tal Oron-Gilad in Hazard perception; Traffic crashes; Children; Educational intervention; Skills; Road crossing on August 2, 2015
Here is a fresh publication on Child pedestrians. We introduce here, for the first time, the Child-pedestrians Anticipate and Act Hazard Perception Training (CA2HPT), which is based on the same principles as our Act and Anticipate Hazard Perception Training (AAHPT) for young novice drivers.
- Hazard perception (HP) is the ability to read the road and anticipate future events.
- 7–9-Year-olds’ HP skills were trained in a simulated dome projection environment.
- Training utilized a conceptually innovative approach taken from the driving HP domain.
- Trainees were found to be more aware of potential hazards related to restricted field of view relative to control
- Child-pedestrians are responsive to training and actively detecting materialized hazards may enrich their ability to cross roads.
Objective: Traffic collisions yield a substantial rate of morbidity and injury among child-pedestrians. We explored the formation of an innovative hazard perception training intervention – Child-pedestrians Anticipate and Act Hazard Perception Training (CA2HPT). Training was based upon enhancing participants’ ability to anticipate potential hazards by exposing them to an array of traffic scenes viewed from different angles.
Method: Twenty-four 7–9-year-olds have participated. Trainees underwent a 40-min intervention of observing typical residentialtraffic scenarios ina simulated dome projectionenvironment while engaging in a hazard detection task. Trainees were encouraged to note differences between the scenarios presented to them from separate angles (a pedestrian’s point-of-view and a higher perspective angle). Next,trainees and control group members were required to perform crossing decision tasks.
Results: Trainees were found to be more aware of potential hazards related to restricted field of view relative to control.
Conclusions: Child pedestrians are responsive to training and actively detecting materialized hazards may enrich child-pedestrians’ ability to cross roads.
One more publication within the child pedestrian’s realm of road crossing co-authored by Anat Meir and Yisrael Parmet published in Safety Science, Vol. 80, pages 33-40 (2015)
we explored child-pedestrians’ HP skills employing hazard detection task in virtual settings (our Dome lab). We used the same approach that we have used previously in the driving HP domain to study novice drivers. As pedestrians’ age increased their awareness toward potential hazards increased. 7–9-year-olds reported less instances of FOV obscured by parked vehicles. 7–9-year-olds lingered more in identifying instances of FOV obscured by parked vehicles.
Background. Child-pedestrians are more prone to fail in identifying hazardous situations. Aiming to better understand the development of hazard-perception abilities in dynamic road situations we examined participants’ hazard detection abilities in a virtual environment.
Method. Experienced-adult participants and child-pedestrians observed typical road crossing related scenarios from a pedestrian’s point of view and engaged in a hazard detection task.
Results. Consistent with our hypotheses, less instances of obscured field of view by parked vehicles were reported as hazardous by 7–9-year-olds, who were also prone to linger more in identifying situations depicting field of view partially obscured by parked vehicles compared to all other age groups. Reports of obscured field of view by road curvature as hazardous increased with age.
Conclusions. Understanding child-pedestrians’ shortcomings in evaluating traffic situations contribute to the effort of producing intervention techniques which may increase their attentiveness toward potential hazards and lead toward reduction in their over-involvement in crashes.
In January 2015, the Gordon Center for Systems Engineering at the Technion conducted its Annual meeting. This year the meeting was dedicated to Human Factors and how it is relevant to system design.
During this day, lectures focused on the importance of integrating human factors into systems design. Two communities: human factors practitioners and researchers and system engineers from leading Industries in Israel had the opportunity to interact and learn. Clearly there is a need for better integration of the human factors engineering discipline in product and project development Read the rest of this entry »
Please note the upcoming Israeli Ergonomics Association meeting focusing on healthcare 16/2/2015
IsraHCI 3rd annual research meeting will be held in Micorsoft R&D center in Herzlia on the 18/2/2015. Our guest keynote speaker will be Prof. Jody Forlizzi from Carnegie Melon.
Registration is now open but space is limited
Dr. Adi Ronen, a friend and a colleague passed away on July 30, 2014. He was only 42 years old. Adi was a Human Physiologist and specialized in Human performance and Human Factors. He focused on studying various aspects of work under physiological limitations; looking at how physiological, performance and subjective feeling changes occur while performing tasks, and how technology or various substances (e.g., THC, alcohol) play a role in those changes. Adi was one of the initiators of the BGU IRB committee and a devoted member. Ensuring ethics in research was one of his passions. Adi was also a gifted lecturer continuously receiving the Teaching excellence award in the Faculty of Engineering Sciences. Adi left behind a wife and three children. He will be missed.
Photo courtesy of Dani Mechlis, BGU photographer.