Are child-pedestrians able to identify hazardous traffic situations?

One more publication within the child pedestrian’s realm of road crossing co-authored by Anat Meir and Yisrael Parmet published in  Safety Science, Vol. 80, pages 33-40 (2015)

Are Child pedestrians able to identify hazardous traffic situations?

Highlights

we explored child-pedestrians’ HP skills employing hazard detection task in virtual settings (our Dome lab). We used the same approach that we have used previously in the driving HP domain to study novice drivers. As pedestrians’ age increased their awareness toward potential hazards increased.  7–9-year-olds reported less instances of FOV obscured by parked vehicles. 7–9-year-olds lingered more in identifying instances of FOV obscured by parked vehicles.

Abstract

Background. Child-pedestrians are more prone to fail in identifying hazardous situations. Aiming to better understand the development of hazard-perception abilities in dynamic road situations we examined participants’ hazard detection abilities in a virtual environment.

Method.  Experienced-adult participants and child-pedestrians observed typical road crossing related scenarios from a pedestrian’s point of view and engaged in a hazard detection task.

Results. Consistent with our hypotheses, less instances of obscured field of view by parked vehicles were reported as hazardous by 7–9-year-olds, who were also prone to linger more in identifying situations depicting field of view partially obscured by parked vehicles compared to all other age groups. Reports of obscured field of view by road curvature as hazardous increased with age.

Conclusions. Understanding child-pedestrians’ shortcomings in evaluating traffic situations contribute to the effort of producing intervention techniques which may increase their attentiveness toward potential hazards and lead toward reduction in their over-involvement in crashes.

Pedestrians' crossing scenarios

Traffic scenes for pedestrian crossing (only the left part of the scene is shown). Top: no moving elements, Mid: road curvature obscuring FOV, Bottom: Parked vehicles obscuring FOV.

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What do we think we are doing: principles of coupled self-regulation in human-robot interaction (…

The use of domestic service robots is becoming widespread. While in industrial settings robots are often used for specified tasks, the challenge in the case of robots put to domestic use is to affo…

via What do we think we are doing: principles of coupled self-regulation in human-robot interaction (….

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Human factors engineering consideration in the design of display devices for dismounted soldiers

In January 2015, the Gordon Center for Systems Engineering at the Technion conducted its Annual meeting. This year the meeting was dedicated to Human Factors and how it is relevant to system design.

During this day, lectures focused on the importance of integrating human factors into systems design. Two communities: human factors practitioners and researchers and system engineers from leading Industries in Israel had the opportunity to interact and learn. Clearly there is a need for better integration of the human factors engineering discipline in product and project development Read the rest of this entry »

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Two upcoming meetings in Israel: Israeli Ergonomics Association and IsraHCI

Please note the upcoming Israeli Ergonomics Association meeting focusing on healthcare 16/2/2015

http://www.ergonomics-israel.org/

 

IsraHCI 3rd annual research meeting will be held in Micorsoft R&D center in Herzlia on the 18/2/2015. Our guest keynote speaker will be  Prof. Jody Forlizzi  from Carnegie Melon.

Registration is now open but space is limited

http://www.israhci.org/

 

 

 

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Dr. Adi Ronen is no longer with us

Adi Ronen Dr. Adi Ronen, a friend and a colleague passed away on July 30, 2014. He was only 42 years old. Adi was a Human Physiologist  and specialized in Human performance and Human Factors. He focused on studying various aspects of work under physiological limitations; looking at how physiological, performance and subjective feeling changes occur while performing  tasks,  and how technology or various substances (e.g., THC, alcohol) play a role in those changes. Adi was one of the initiators of the BGU IRB committee  and a devoted member. Ensuring ethics in research was one of his passions.  Adi was also a gifted lecturer continuously receiving the  Teaching excellence award in the Faculty of Engineering Sciences.   Adi left behind a wife and three children. He will be missed.

Photo courtesy of Dani Mechlis, BGU photographer.

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Open positions in Human Factors engineering, Human-robot interaction or Human computer interaction

BGU is seeking for excellent candidates for senior or junior faculty positions in the Dept. of Industrial Engineering and Management. Candidates will be part of the Human Factors engineering team.

Relevant topics are: HCI, HRI, Usability, HFE, or any affiliated fields.

For more information please contact: Prof. Tal Oron-Gilad at orontal@bgu.ac.il

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call for PhD student or postdoctoral student in HRI

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences

Department of Industrial Engineering and Management

Department of Computer Science

and
ABC (Agricultural, Biological and Cognitive) Robotics Center

Doctoral/Post-doctoral Position in

Human-Robot Collaboration

Promoting intent and context based interaction and collaboration of humans and robots will be of high importance in the near future, when ‘things’ around us will have more intelligence.

We are looking for a highly motivated PhD student or post-doctoral fellow to lead a research aimed at promoting intent and context based interaction and collaboration of humans and robots. Such interaction requires the development of novel intent based interfaces (e.g., brain computer interaction) and the generation of a shared (e.g., via augmented reality) mental model for both human and robot. It also requires investigation of how collaboration is built over time and how context may affect it. The current effort takes a multidisciplinary perspective of human-robot relations and focuses on integration of multiple paradigms.

We are looking for candidates with a strong computational background interested in setting up and leading new and exciting research directions.

Closing date for applications: 30 May 2014 or until all positions are filled.

Candidates applying by above closing date will be informed by July 2014.

Starting date: 1 October 2014 or earlier

For more information, please contact:

Prof. Tal Oron-Gilad, Human Factors Engineering – orontal@bgu.ac.il

Dr. Oren Shriki, Cognitive and Brain Sciences – shrikio@bgu.ac.il

Dr. Idit Shalev, Cognitive and Brain Sciences – shalevid@bgu.ac.il

Dr. Jihad El-Sana, Computer Science and augmented reality – el-sana@cs.bgu.ac.il

See also http://in.bgu.ac.il/en/robotics/Pages/default.aspx

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