Our most recent publication with regard to training young novice drivers on hazard perception co-authored with two of my former Ph.D. students Anat Meir and Avinoam Borowsky. Here we describe the foundations of the AAHPT intervention, as well as an assesment of its impact based on computerized hazard perception test.
To appear shortly in Traffic Injury Prevention.
Objective: Young-novice drivers’ poor hazard perception (HP) skills are a prominent cause for their over-involvement in traffic crashes. HP, the ability to read the road and anticipate forthcoming events, is receptive to training. This study explored the formation and evaluation of a new HP training intervention – the Act and Anticipate Hazard Perception Training (AAHPT), which is based upon exposing young-novice drivers to a vast array of actual traffic hazards, aiming to enhance their ability to anticipate potential hazards during testing. Method: Forty young-novices underwent one of three AAHPT intervention modes (‘Active’, ‘Instructional’ or ‘Hybrid’) or a control group. ‘Active’ members observed video-based traffic-scenes and were asked to press a response button each time they detected a hazard. ‘Instructional’ members underwent a tutorial which included both written material and video-based examples regarding HP. ‘Hybrid’ members received a condensed theoretical component followed by a succinct ‘Active’ component. Control was presented with a road safety tutorial. Approximately one week later, participants performed a hazard perception test (HPT), during which they observed other movies and pressed a response button each time they detected a hazard. Twenty one experienced drivers also performed the HPT and served as a gold standard for comparison. Results: Overall, the ‘Active’ and the ‘Hybrid’ modes were more aware of potential hazards relative to the control. Conclusions: Inclusion of an active-practical component generates an effective intervention. Using several evaluation measurements aids performance assessment process. Advantages of each of the training methodologies are discussed.
Keywords: skill, training, experience, hazard perception, novice drivers, response time
Participants in the Instructional based mode observed slides as the one shown here